Volume 2, Number 2 (Fall & Winter 2017)                   Firooze Islam 2017, 2(2): 47-62 | Back to browse issues page

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Nejad Ebrahimi A, Gharabaglou M, Farshchian A H. The Foundations of the Formation of Social Interactions Places Based on Islamic Thought. Firooze Islam. 2017; 2 (2) :47-62
URL: http://firooze-islam.ir/article-1-104-en.html

1- Assistant Professor Tabriz Islamic Art University , Ahadebrahimi@tabriziau.ac.ir
2- Assistant Professor Tabriz Islamic Art University
3- Ph.D. Candidate in Islamic Architecture Tabriz Islamic Art University
Abstract:   (730 Views)

In its conceptual meaning, Social Interaction, as a mean of connecting individuals in a society, is defined differently in the realm of Sociology. In this respect, the effective status of social interactions in the formation of proper social relations is shown in Architecture. The benefits of this status include cooperation to achieve active-public profit and its results, the development of participation, trust and cohesion in the society, and the improvement of relations between people and groups. Social interaction in western notion is bound to public places in the society, the reason why public places such as streets, recreation centers, and other urban architectures are paid a lot of attention. The definition of social interaction in western architecture is in line with an urban public place which has resulted in different attitudes in the formation and architecture of such places, compared to Islamic thought.

The principles of designing social interaction places in architecture apply to issues like the formation of the place, the values which complement the lives of people in Islamic cities and the special functional-behavioral codes that assess the degree of success in consensus around Islamic thought. The understanding of values and concepts derived from Islamic thought in order to achieve a basic understanding which, in the end, leads to action is among the principles of social interaction place in Islamic thought. First the values are introduced to and accepted by the society. Then, these values are assessed on the basis of religious codes that are spread in communities, and, finally, converted into behaviour on the part of the people.  Western thought focuses on social interaction in a larger layer of the society that is social spaces and, to achieve this, tries to attract people to such spaces. A proper social interaction in this doctrine is the result of the congregation of people in public urban spaces.

Islam introduces the family as the first and most important basis for the formation of social interaction, where this interaction starts from individual members of the family and gradually spreads towards the society. Notions such as Axiology, Ethology, family events, special spaces for the elderly, the adjacency of the main space with semi-private spaces, guest issues, and other principles of social interaction spaces are evident in Islamic society. In a hierarchically complementing fashion, these principles stabilize the process of interaction in Islamic society through special social procedures. The architectural place of a Muslim architect attempts to reach Islamic values in social interactions and solid relationships of the people in the society. Islamic city shelters its members by a constructive and pleasant concept called social interactions.

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